揭秘颈椎骨退化是什么意思:原因、症状及治疗

2018年3月14日23:07:49 发表评论
摘要

颈椎退化(也叫颈椎退行性改变)通常和年龄相关,一般从30岁开始逐渐退化,年龄越大,退化越明显,也常见于姿势不良、长时间肩颈僵硬的患者,有的可能则因为扭伤或疾病所引起,症状多为颈部酸痛、手臂到手指麻木刺痛、下肢僵硬等等,影响生活甚钜,让患者苦不堪言。

颈椎退化(也叫颈椎退行性改变)通常和年龄相关,一般从30岁开始逐渐退化,年龄越大,退化越明显,也常见于姿势不良、长时间肩颈僵硬的患者,有的可能则因为扭伤或疾病所引起,症状多为颈部酸痛、手臂到手指麻木刺痛、下肢僵硬等等,影响生活甚钜,让患者苦不堪言。

多数症状可由物理性治疗缓解,如热敷、温和舒展肢体的活动、温水淋浴等,但某些严重个案因疼痛强烈难以缓解,则需长期服药或手术治疗。

推荐阅读:如何快速有效缓解颈肩部疼痛:创意热敷法

Reiki for cervical spondylosis灵气与颈椎退化取自thehealthsite.com(2014.8.27)

by Mita Majumdar

Cervical spondylosis is the wear and tear -- generally age-related -- affecting the vertebrae and the spinal discs of the neck.The cervical spine is made up of 7 bones,often denoted as C-1 to C-7.

颈椎退化是椎骨和颈部的椎间盘磨损-通常年龄相关。颈椎是由7个骨头组成,通常以C-1到C-7来表示。

 

The first two bones attach the skull to the spine and allow your head movements.The next 5 bones form the neck bones.These vertebral bones are cylindrical in shape.Between each of these vertebrae there is a disc which has a tough fibrous outer layer and a gel-like inner part.

 

最前面两块骨头连接颅骨与脊椎,让你的头部运动。接下来的5个骨头形成颈骨。这些脊椎骨是圆柱形的。每个椎骨之间有椎间盘,具有坚韧的纤维外层和凝胶状的内里。

How does cervical spondylosis develop?

颈椎退化如何发生?

As we become older,the vertebrae and the discs start to degenerate.This is a natural process.The edges of the vertebrae degenerate and may form small spur-like outgrowths.The discs become thinner.Many people don’t have any symptoms but in some the muscles and nerves become compressed because of the bone degeneration.This causes neck pain.

当我们变老时,椎骨和椎间盘开始退化。这是一个自然的过程。退化的椎骨边缘可能形成小骨刺。使椎间盘变得更薄。很多人没有任何症状,但某些肌肉和神经会因为骨骼退化而被压缩。导致颈部疼痛。

Symptoms of cervical spondylosis

颈椎退化的症状

If you have cervical spondylosis you may experience symptoms such as–
Pain in the neck is the first symptomof cervical spondylosis
Stiffness of neck that gets worse over time
Headaches,usually in the back of the head
Abnormal sensations or numbness in shoulders and extremities when the condition worsens and affects the nerves and the muscles or ligaments.

 

如果你有颈椎退化,你可能会有以下症状,像是--

颈部疼痛是颈椎退化的第一个症状

颈部僵硬随着时间变得更糟

头痛,通常是在头的后面

肩膀和四肢有异常感觉或麻木,当病情恶化时会影响神经和肌肉或韧带。

Managing the pain–basic treatment for cervical spondylosis

 

疼痛管理-颈椎退化的基本疗程

The treatment is basically the management of pain so that you can stay active.Your doctor may recommend physiotherapy,neck traction,cold packs or heat therapy for the pain.Since relieving the pain is of prime importance for this condition,alternative medicine practices such as reiki,acupuncture,spinal manipulation,etc are better suited for the purpose.

疼痛的管理是治疗的基本来使你保持活跃。你的医生可能会建议物理治疗、颈部牵引、冷敷或热敷疗法来治疗疼痛。由于减轻疼痛是这种情况下最重要的事,替代疗法如灵气、针灸、脊柱推拿等更适合用来处理这种状况。

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